Nothing is more difficult than combining good wines with the food you are serving
The following can be a good guideline
We have several types of white wines.
These wines can come in a various styles.
They are often served as aperitifs. But sparkling wines can be a good match for foods, from hors-d’oeuvres to eggs, fish and poultry dishes.Most dry sparkling wines, actually have a faint touch of sweetness, which makes them extra-refreshing when served with salty foods.
Examples are the classic Champagnes (made from the Chardonnay, Pinot Noir and Pinot Meunier), Sekts, Créments, Prosecco, Cava and Vouvray (the sparkling wine from the Loire, made from the Chenin Blanc)..
The group of dry fresh white wines, are characterized by an acidic dry taste with a light body. Usually they are not oak aged.
Examples are wines made of the Sauvignon Blanc or Pinot Grigio grape. Or wines like Chablis, or the white Rioja. This type of wine complements best all kinds of food, so they are excellent to serve at a cocktail party, to drink by itself, or match with various hors d’oeuvres.
They can be well matched with mild white fish, smoked salmon, mild poultry or meat. Dishes with tart dressings and sauces can also be a good match.Really, if a dish would be good with a squeeze of lemon or lime, this type of wine is a good
Soft white wines are more characterized by floral, honeyed flavours and a nice acidity. They can be dry to slightly sweet.
Good examples are often from cool climates, where they do not get so much sweetness and some nice acidity. Riesling and Gewürztraminer are good examples. But also the ever more famous Grüner Veltliner from Austria or the Pinot Gris, Pinot Blanc or the Chenin Blanc.
Taking the dry or slightly off –dry wines match best with food, like fish and shellfish, poultry smoked meats and pork, and they are especially a good match with spicy Indian, Thai, Vietnamese or Chinese cuisines. The relatively lower alcohol of
these wines and the touch of sweetness counters the spiciness of these dishes.
These wines also combine well when there are lots of fresh herbs in a dish.
Rich white wines are creamy full flavored wines, with various fruit aromas, oak, and a buttery flavour.
The most famous example is of course the Chardonnay, but also the Viognier falls in this group. And other grapes like Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon or the spanish Viura, if they are aged in oak (like Bordeaux or white Rioja wines)
The oak lends the smoky and toasty flavor and structure to the wine.
They are a good companion for foods that have the same fullness, like fish and shellfish, poultry game birds and mild meats. Seafood in a lush sauce matches also well.